Top Five Petrol-powered Motorcycles With The Lowest Ownership Cost

  • Apr 22, 2021
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Commuter bikes from Bajaj, Hero, and Honda top the list

When it comes to purchasing a new two-wheeler, the average Indian buyer prioritises efficiency and, of course, cost. That said, the actual ownership cost and the environmental impact of buying a petrol-powered two-wheeler is often overlooked. In a bid to quantify these aspects, the Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE) has launched the Green Vehicle Rating (GVR) website. So you can now find out just how ‘green’ your two-wheeler really is.

As per the data available on the GVR site, these are the top five petrol-powered two-wheelers with the highest GVR rating:



Ex-showroom Price (as per GVR’s data)

Latest Ex-showroom Delhi Price

Rupee per kilometre cost 

Bajaj CT 110

4 out of 5

Rs 52,890

Rs 53,498

Rs 2.83

Bajaj Platina 110 H Gear

4 out of 5

Rs 63,480

Rs 63,424

Rs 3.08

Hero Passion Pro

4 out of 5

Rs 69,600

Rs 69,950

Rs 3.42

Honda Livo 

4 out of 5

Rs 74,260

Rs 74,171

Rs 3.55

Honda SP 125

4 out of 5

Rs 80,370

Rs 81,441

Rs 3.55

The list has been compiled from the information on the GVR website with ex-showroom prices updated as of April 5, 2021. Hence, the rupee per kilometre cost is subject to change with price hikes.

The Real Ownership Cost (RCO) of all the models has been calculated by adding the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) and the Composite Damage Costs (CDC). TCO includes fuel and maintenance cost as well as the value after depreciation. Lastly, CDC covers the health and environmental damage costs.

To calculate the RCO, GVR considers the treatment cost of health issues arising due to nitrous oxide, hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, and other pollutants. The data is sourced from Form 22, a certificate of compliance issued by respective manufacturers.

The impact caused by air pollutants is quantified in monetary terms by GVR, which is added to the TCO to obtain the RCO. Furthermore, GVR normalises the environmental and health damage cost of each model against the environmental and health costs of a ‘Reference Vehicle’. This reference model is the cleanest with a damage score of 1. So models with similar scores are said to have a lesser negative impact. Based on this damage score, GVR assigns a rating from 1 to 5, with the greenest vehicles scoring 5.

The GVR tool project is funded by Delhi-based Shakti Foundation and supported by the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy. The GVR website calculates the environmental performance from the data in the ‘Road Worthiness Certificate’ which was mandated by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways in 2017.

The GVR website currently only has the data of electric two-wheelers and ICE two- and three-wheelers. Moreover, fuel efficiency and some other information has been sourced from third party websites, so the accuracy is a tad questionable. This is just a referral measurement to give you a fair idea of how petrol-powered two-wheelers impact health as well as the environment, directly and indirectly. The list majorly features commuter-oriented offerings, no high-performance motorcycles.

Bajaj CT 110X
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