Now that GST has rolled in, here’s how much you will save or spend more on your next car purchase
Update: The GST Council has received prime minister's approval to increase the additional cess on luxury cars by 10 per cent. Cars that are longer than four metres and carry an engine bigger than 1.5-litre will pay a 25 per cent of cess on top of the 28 per cent GST slab. If a vehicle meets only one of the two criteria, then it'll fall under the mid-size category and pay 15 per cent cess in addition to 28 per cent GST. Smaller cars will continue to pay 1 per cent and 3 per cent of extra cess for petrol and diesel engines, respectively. There is no change in tax structure for hybrid cars, which became significantly costlier post-GST.
What is GST?
GST, short for Goods and Service Tax, is the government's way of implementing a simplified tax structure. Before today, thanks to the way the centre and state governments collected taxes, goods would be subject to paying 'tax upon tax', which caused a significant rise in the product cost for the end consumer.
The GST Council has decided to do away with multiple (and utterly confusing) taxes and set four tax slabs instead at 5, 12, 18 and 28 per cent.
What are cars taxed at?
Passenger vehicles fall under the highest tax slab, at 28 per cent. Further, based on body style, an additional cess has been levied, taking the total tax a notch higher.
Here's the full breakdown of pre- and post-GST taxes.
Less than 1.2-litre (petrol)
Less than 1.5-litre (diesel)
Not more than 1.5-litre
More than 1.5-litre
More than 1.5-litre
Ground Clearance more than 170mm
Note: For pre-GST, we’ve used Mumbai taxes for calculations.
The GST rates effectively narrow the gap between the prices of small and big cars. This could result in a price rejig, especially in the Rs 7-12 lakh price bracket where 'small' and 'big' cars co-exist. To give an example, a Honda WR-V buyer who could also be eyeing the Hyundai Creta will now be able to afford the latter thanks to the narrower price gap between the two.
Here’s a look at how prices of a few popular models have been affected across segments:
Small petrol cars attract a total levy of 29 per cent, that comprises of a 28 per cent GST and 1 per cent cess. Save for a handful of exceptions, every sub-10 lakh rupee hatchback and sub 4-metre sedan falls under this categor
Before GST kicked in, hybrids enjoyed the same taxation as a small hatchback. The government believes hybrids aren’t as kind to the environment as they claim to be, and have chosen to place them in the highest slab instead. The handful of hybrids we have in the country are now taxed at 43 per cent.